Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is bordered by the Bay of Biscay to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south and east.
Spain is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with Portugal. It has a diverse landscape that includes mountains, coastal plains, and islands. The Pyrenees form the border between Spain and France, while the Cordillera Cantabrica runs along the northern coast. The country’s climate varies from Mediterranean in the east to Atlantic in the west.
Where is Spain?
Spain’s population is around 47 million people as of 2021. The population is concentrated in the cities, with the largest metropolitan areas being Madrid and Barcelona. The official language is Spanish, also known as Castilian. Additionally, several regional languages, like Catalan, Basque, and Galician, are also spoken. Spain has a diverse culture, with notable contributions in art, literature, music, and cuisine.
Map of Spain
Spain’s economy is based on services, which make up around 75% of GDP. Tourism is one of the country’s main industries, with millions of visitors each year attracted by Spain’s beaches, historic sites, and cultural festivals. Spain also has a strong manufacturing sector, with a focus on automotive and textiles. The country’s agricultural sector is also significant, with crops like olives, grapes, and oranges being among the most important. Spain is an industrialized country with a high standard of living.
The largest cities in Spain are:
Here are the 10 most populous cities in Spain with their population figures:
- Madrid – The capital and largest city of Spain, with a population of around 3.2 million people.
- Barcelona – A major cultural and economic center, with a population of around 1.6 million people.
- Valencia – A port city known for its historic architecture and annual Falles festival, with a population of around 809,000 people.
- Seville – A city known for its flamenco dancing and the Alcazar palace, with a population of around 704,000 people.
- Malaga – A coastal city known for its beaches and museums, with a population of around 568,000 people.
- Murcia – A city known for its historic center and university, with a population of around 438,000 people.
- Bilbao – A city in the Basque Country known for its Guggenheim Museum, with a population of around 354,000 people.
- Alicante – A coastal city known for its historic castle and beaches, with a population of around 334,000 people.
- Granada – A city known for its Alhambra palace and Moorish architecture, with a population of around 233,000 people.
- Vigo – A port city in Galicia known for its seafood and Ria de Vigo estuary, with a population of around 298,000 people.
Author: Arif Cagrici – Head of Digital