Turkey is located in the southeastern region of Europe and southwestern region of Asia. It is situated at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, and is bordered by eight countries: Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq and Syria to the southeast. Turkey is also surrounded by the Black Sea to the north, the Aegean Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Turkey is a country located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, with a diverse geography that includes coastlines on the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, as well as mountain ranges, plateaus, and rivers. The population of Turkey is around 84 million people, making it the 18th most populous country in the world. The official language is Turkish, and the currency is the Turkish Lira.
The population of Turkey is mostly composed of ethnic Turks, but there are also significant minority groups, such as Kurds, Armenians, and Greeks. The country has a young population, with a median age of 30 years.
The economy of Turkey is diverse and developed, with a growing service sector, a strong manufacturing industry, and a significant agricultural sector. Turkey is also an important transit point for energy resources, such as oil and natural gas. Tourism is also an important source of revenue for Turkey, with millions of visitors each year drawn to its rich history, culture, and natural beauty. Despite the recent economic growth, Turkey is facing some challenges such as high inflation and a high level of external debt.
The provinces are grouped into seven regions in Turkey, these regions are: Marmara, Aegean, Mediterranean, Black Sea, Central Anatolia, Eastern Anatolia and Southeast Anatolia.
Each region has its own characteristics, history, culture, and economic activities. Marmara region, for example, is known for its industrial cities like Istanbul, Bursa and Izmir, while the Eastern Anatolia region is known for its rugged terrain and traditional nomadic lifestyles.
Here are the 10 most populous cities in Turkey with their population figures:
- Istanbul: The largest city in Turkey and the country’s financial and cultural center, with a population of over 15 million people.
- Ankara: The capital of Turkey and the second-largest city, with a population of over 5 million people.
- Izmir: A coastal city in the west of Turkey, with a population of over 4 million people.
- Bursa: An industrial city in the northwest of Turkey, with a population of over 2.5 million people.
- Adana: A city in the south of Turkey, with a population of over 2 million people.
- Gaziantep: A city in the southeast of Turkey, with a population of over 1.8 million people.
- Konya: A city in the central Anatolia region of Turkey, with a population of over 1.5 million people.
- Antalya: A city on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, with a population of over 1.4 million people.
- Diyarbakir: A city in the southeast of Turkey, with a population of over 1.4 million people.
- Mersin: A city in the south of Turkey, with a population of over 1.3 million people.
Turkey Satellite Map
Author: Arif Cagrici – Head of Digital